Under the Parliamentary Oaths Act 1866 members of the Welsh Assembly and Scottish Parliment followthe precedute in both Houses of Parliament are required to take an Oath of Allegiance upon taking their seat in Parliament,after a general election, or by-election, and after the death of the monarch. Until the oath or affirmation is taken, an MP may not receive a salary, take their seat, speak in debates or vote. The usual wording of the oath is:
Members who object to swearing the oath are permitted to make a solemn affirmation under the terms of the Oaths Act 1978:
"I think in a democracy that we're living in, the people of Wales are the most important in all of our deliberations around politics," she said.
"We are elected by them, we serve them, we are answerable to them and we meet with them and have discussions with them, and make them the most important thing about our work as an assembly member.
"So, I think it is vital that we are given that option, so the people of Wales can feel respected and honoured by us as assembly members.
"It's no surprise to anyone who knows me that I am a firm republican, and I have spoken out on these issues in the past.
"But I think this more to more do with freedom of speech and a freedom of opinion
"At the end of the day, it's the Queen, it's the head of state, who gives power to the assembly," the AM for Monmouth said.
"She signs off all our laws so I think taking that oath is very important.
"That said, I do understand that this is a very strong issue for some members, including Bethan Sayed, and that can be looked at."
There is no requirement for members of the Northern Ireland Assembly to take an oath of allegiance, or any other oath, nor is there any form of voluntary oath prescribed for those who may wish to swear one. However, members are required to sign the Assembly's roll of membership, designate their identity as "Nationalist", "Unionist" or "Other", and take a Pledge of Office. Ministers can be removed from office if the responsibilities of the pledge are not met. Members pledge:
- to discharge in good faith all the duties of office;
- commitment to non-violence and exclusively peaceful and democratic means;
- to serve all the people of Northern Ireland equally, and to act in accordance with the general obligations on government to promote equality and prevent discrimination;
- to promote the interests of the whole community represented in the Northern Ireland Assembly towards the goal of a shared future;
- to participate fully in the Executive Committee, the North-South Ministerial Council and the British-Irish Council;
- to observe the joint nature of the offices of First Minister and deputy First Minister;
- to uphold the rule of law based as it is on the fundamental principles of fairness, impartiality and democratic accountability, including support for policing and the courts;
- to participate with colleagues in the preparation of a programme for government;
- to operate within the framework of that programme when agreed within the Executive Committee and endorsed by the Assembly;
- to support, and to act in accordance with, all decisions of the Executive Committee and Assembly;
- to comply with the Ministerial Code of Conduct.